[Spellyans] <y>, <i>, etc

nicholas williams njawilliams at gmail.com
Mon Jul 28 10:49:10 IST 2008

Apart from the toponym Valy Ebron there are, as far as I am aware, no  
examples in the texts of valy 'valley'. There are no examples of nans  
'valley' in the texts either.
Since the author of CW wrote Valy Ebron for the new toponym Valy of  
Hebron, it seems to me (without further evidence) that his ordinary  
word for 'valley' was valy.
This I take to be similar to

hag orth an ryuer surly a josselyne chapel guthel me a vyn BM 1141-43

where ryuer is used in a new toponym an ryuer a josselyne but the same  
word is also used as an unbound form in:

Neb a crisse ynna ve kepar dell levar an scribis, ryvars a thowre a ra  
resek in mes anetha y TH 53.


On 28 Jul 2008, at 09:31, Jon Mills wrote:

> Nicholas, in the example that you give from Jordan, VALY compounds  
> with EBRON to form a toponym. Are you aware of any other  
> attestations in which VALY is not compounded in this way?
> Jon
> ----- Original Message -----
> From: "nicholas williams"
> To: "Standard Cornish discussion list"
> Subject: Re: [Spellyans] , , etc
> Date: Sat, 26 Jul 2008 20:19:20 +0100
> Of course nans is part of the Cornish vocabulary, but
> there is no evidence that the word was used in Middle or Late
> Cornish when talking about a valley (outside the place-name
> itself). If nans had been the ordinary word,
> Jordan would have written *nans Ebron not valy Ebron.
> I assume that the English borrowing valy had replaced nans in that  
> context,
> exactly as cothman, fas, rom, swan, profet had by the 16th century  
> replaced
> car, enep, stevel, alargh and profus.
> Tota Cornicitas means that we can use the attested valy in preference
> to the unattested unbound morpheme nans.
> Nicholas
> _____________________________________
> Dr. Jon Mills,
> School of European Culture and Languages,
> University of Kent
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