[Spellyans] 'wish' and 'truth'

nicholas williams njawilliams at gmail.com
Wed Jul 27 11:33:48 IST 2011


‘WISH’. I have collected the following spellings:

blonogath TH 1a, 4a, 12a, 13a, 14a, 21a, 22, 22a x 5, 23, 23a x 2, 40a, 47a, 50; SA 60; CW 96
blonogeth TH 1, 12, 16, 18, 22a, 50, 50a x 3
Bolenegeth AB: 240c
bolnogeth BM 321, 348, 
bolungeth OM 873
bonegath Rowe x 2
bongath Keigwin x 2
bonogath NBoson x 3; Camden; Chamberlayne, JBoson
bonogeth Gwavas
vlanogath CW 2243
vlonogath CW 1330, 2123
volenegeth AB: 222
volnogeth OM 237; BM 1740, 4340
voluneth [sic] OM 1292
volungeth OM 1165, 1271, 1277, 1320, 1329, 1376; PC 2053; RD 745
volyndzheth AB: 224

Notice that neither Lhuyd nor any post-Lhuyd source spells this word with a voiced final. The SWF spells this <bolonjedh>, but the final segment was clearly voiceless. 

KS writes <bolùnjeth>. a spelling with internal <olon> seems to be unattested in the traditional language. The second <o> in the SWF is because the orthography has no way of distinguishing fronted u from non-fronted u.

Although bolùnjeth forms are well attested, there are several variants: bolnùjeth, blonùjeth and bùnojeth. What status, if any, should we accord these forms?


‘TRUTH’. I have collected the following spellings:

††††††Guirionedh AB: 171c [preceded by an obelus]
guironeth AB: 222, 223
Gwyroneth AB: 240c
gweroneth TH 8
g†wîranath Gwavas
gwreanathe CW 1892
gwreonath SA 60
gwreoneth PA 82c; TH 18a
gwryonath SA 61
gwryoneth TH 10 x 3, 12, 14, 14a, 17 x 3, 18a, 19 x 2, 21, 26a x 2, 30a, 33a, 37, 38, 54a
guyroneth OM 702, 740; PC 735, 760, 1275
guyryoneth PC 595, 1468, 1477, 1801, 1974, 2029, 2447, 3078, 3120; RD 407, 1387, 1928, 2054
wrioneth TH 32
wryoneth TH 14a, 17, 17a, 21
wyryoneth PC 1587

Pace the SWF, I assume this word ended in a voiceless spirant. Lhuyd's Guirionedh at AB: 171c is preceded by an obelus, which indicates he had respelt it from a written source. He did not hear this word.

We spell 'truth' gwiryoneth, which corresponds to the commonest spelling in the texts <guyryoneth>. Two spoken variants are also attested: gwironeth and gwryoneth. What status, if any, should we give to these two forms?

Nicholas

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