linusband at gmail.com
Fri Nov 2 16:43:40 GMT 2012
2012/10/31 Nicholas Williams <njawilliams at gmail.com>
> In Cornish the word for 'horseman' ends either in -*ek* or -*ak*:
> *marrak* PA 246, BK 1514, 1632, 1648, *marrack* NBoson
> *marrek* PA 241d, 242a, 244a, 245a, OM 2004, 2139, 2150, 2204, 2226,
> 2338, BM 350, 2444.
> *marreg* PA 190b, 190c, 217a, 218b.
> The voicing of the final stop in *marreg* is probably to be explained by
> dissimilation. The reduction of the medial -rx- to -rh- (and thus a
> devoiced r)
> probably led to the voicing of the final segment by dissimilation of the
> sequence voiceless + voiceless > voiceless + voiced.
I haven't found any reference to a soundlaw that entails exactly this
dissimilation, so I put your theory to the test by looking up 'answer'. I
gortheb *OM* 2229
wortheb *OM* 2235
worthyb *BK* 52, 192, 604, 1876, 2099, 2263, 3168
gorthyb *BM* 1442, 3457, BK 211, 1887, 2094, 2101, 2140, 2274
gorthyp *PC* 512, 1722, 1735, 1839, 2008, *RD* 494, 1228, 1834
gorthib *CW* 1754
gorryb *CW* 1198, 1736, 1761
(I don't have the other texts at hand, I'm afraid)
Perhaps an example that also has the original cluster *-rx-* would have
been better, but I couldn't really think of one. Anyway, apart from PC and
RD, the evidence seems to support your claim. The counterevidence still
remains to be explained, however. Any ideas?
The original shape of the word was probably **marhek* < **marxâko*- cf.
> Welsh *marchog* < earlier *marchawc*.
> The expected plural with o (cf. *bohosek*, but *bohosogyon*) is seen in
> *marrogyon* BM 221, BK 1946, 2381, *marrogyan* BK 2252
> *marogyan* OM 1876, *marogyen* BM 1742, *marogyon* BM 294, 815, 4359, BK
> There is, however, an analogical plural in -*egyon*:
> *marregyon* PC 1613, 2347, RD 657, *marregion* RD 607.
> I think the revived language should allow both, and spell them *marhogyon*,
I have thrown **marˈxɔːk** *in to the soundlaw machine:
**marˈxɔːk* (final stress!)
**marˈxœk* (stressed ɔ became œ in OSWBr., cf. **mɔːr > meur*)
I do not know, however, what to do in Cornish once *œ* become unstressed
because of the accent shift to the penultimate syllable. Does anyone else?
My point was, anyway, that the plural in *marregyon/marregion* might
contain the old /œ/, that was retained in a stressed syllable as we would
expect soundlaw-wise (c.f. /mœr/ that was spelt *mer/muer/mur*).
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