[Spellyans] cleudh etc

Ray Chubb ray at spyrys.org
Mon Jan 14 12:02:50 GMT 2013


Dan, as far as I am aware there is nothing Latin about 'cleudh' my  
concern is that once you accept that etymological spellings are O.K.  
you open the flood gates.  How far does one go back with the etymology?


On 14 Gen 2013, at 11:44, Daniel Prohaska wrote:

> Ray,
> What is originally Latin about ‹cleudh› ???
> I don't understand.
> Dan
>
>
> On Jan 14, 2013, at 10:56 AM, Ray Chubb wrote:
>
>> I totally disagree, the Cornish texts are a good enough basis on  
>> which to base a revival plus some careful borrowing from Welsh and  
>> Breton.  Trying to cast spelling back to supposed Latin originals  
>> is totally unprofessional.
>>
>> On 14 Gen 2013, at 09:41, Hewitt, Stephen wrote:
>>
>>> I agree fully with Dan on this; the total corpus is so scant that  
>>> the only way to be consistent is to rely on etymological forms,  
>>> even if not attested.
>>> Steve
>>>
>>> From: spellyans-bounces at kernowek.net [mailto:spellyans-bounces at kernowek.net 
>>> ] On Behalf Of Daniel Prohaska
>>> Sent: 14 January 2013 00:29
>>> To: Standard Cornish discussion list
>>> Subject: Re: [Spellyans] cleudh etc
>>>
>>> Dear all,
>>>
>>> Let’s look at the word for ‘flour’ which in the SWF is  
>>> ‹bleus› (as in KK). The attestations I was able to find show:
>>> blot (VC, Pr),
>>> blease (anon.),
>>> bleaze (TT, Pr),
>>> blêz (Lh),
>>> blez (Lh, Pr);
>>> UC spels ‹bles›  and UCR offers the alternatives ‹blues›  
>>> and ‹bles›. RLC has ‹bleaz›. I have not been able to find  
>>> the KS spelling anywhere. The only reference to a rounded vowel we  
>>> have is from Old Cornish ‹blot› which is incidentally identical  
>>> to the Old Breton ‹blot›. Modern Breton has ‹bleud› and  
>>> Welsh has ‹blawd›, as expected.
>>> The state of attestations is very similar to the case of  
>>> ‹cleudh›. Why does UCR offer ‹blues› as the form preferable  
>>> to ‹bles› (as the latter is listed in brackets only)?
>>>
>>> The next word I would like to look at is SWF ‹greun›  
>>> ‘grain’. UC spells this ‹grun› (or ‹grün› in the  
>>> dictionaries and teaching material). UCR has ‹gruen›, RLC  
>>> ‹grean›, and KS ‹greun› (like the SWF and KK). So there  
>>> seems to be the consensus that this word contains /œː/. The  
>>> Breton cognate is ‹greun› and the Welsh ‹grawn›.
>>> Yet the only attestations I can find are:
>>> (col.) grean (Pr);
>>> and grean in Anglo-Cornish dialect.
>>> There are also the two attestations for the singulative:
>>> gronen (VC, Pr),
>>> gẏrnan (Lh);
>>> All in all the material in favour of /œː/ is no better than for  
>>> ‹cleudh, cledh›, yet it was accepted as a given for UCR and KS.
>>>
>>> Nance reconstructed *gwun (gwün in dictionaries and teaching  
>>> material) ‘gossamer’ on the basis of Welsh ‹gwawn›. UCR  
>>> emends this to ‹gwuen›. The SWF has ‹gweun›.
>>>
>>> Here’s another word that presents a similar case, the word for  
>>> ‘cheese’ SWF ‹keus› (KK ‹keus›), UC kes, cus; RLC keaz;  
>>> UCR cues; KS keus;
>>> Attestations:
>>> cos (VC, Pr),
>>> caus (VC),
>>> kêz (Lh),
>>> kez (Pr),
>>> keas (Pr);
>>> (cf. OB cos, eModB caüs, B keus; OW caus, W caws; OI cáise; < VL  
>>> *cāsius < L caseus).
>>> Despite the lack of attestations in Middle Cornish indicating a  
>>> front rounded vowel (such as *cves, *cus, *cvs, *kevs, *keus) the  
>>> consensus appears to be that this word contained /œː/ in Middle  
>>> Cornish and unrounded to /eː/ in Late Cornish.
>>>
>>> Now, I would like to ask why these cases aren’t as controversial  
>>> here as the case of ‹cleudh›. This word as I showed earlier on  
>>> in this discussion, has a similar range of attestations and the  
>>> spellings in place names, which some here consider to be valid  
>>> corroboration (at least in other cases) show that the vowel before  
>>> the composition of CW must have, at some point, had /œː/ in  
>>> Middle Cornish. What makes the spellings ‹keus, bleus, greun,  
>>> gweun› acceptable, while ‹cleudh› isn’t?
>>> Dan
>>>
>>>
>>> On Jan 13, 2013, at 10:27 PM, Craig Weatherhill wrote:
>>>
>>>
>>> That is an opinion, Michael, which I do not share.  Surviving  
>>> textual Cornish is limited in extent, therefore we need every  
>>> scrap of evidence we can get.  Pipe Rolls, Assize Rolls, etc, are  
>>> quite likely to have been written by native hands, and I think  
>>> that may be true of a large proportion of place-name records prior  
>>> to 1550.  They are written and, therefore textual, evidence.
>>>
>>> Can we be sure that all the texts we have were actually written by  
>>> Cornishmen?  They most likely were…but scholars come from all  
>>> sorts of backgrounds, as true long ago as now.  Take, as a  
>>> converse example, the works in English - at a time when English  
>>> had been reduced to a minority "peasant" language - carried out by  
>>> Cornish-speaking Cornish scholars, Trevisa, Pencrych and John of  
>>> Cornwall.  We'd probably be speaking Norman-French now if it  
>>> hadn't been for them.
>>>
>>> Craig
>>>
>>>
>>>
>>>
>>> On 2013 Gen 13, at 17:09, Michael Everson wrote:
>>>
>>>
>>> On 12 Jan 2013, at 20:48, Daniel Prohaska <daniel at ryan- 
>>> prohaska.com> wrote:
>>>
>>> Giben the evidence I do't think <cleudh> is conlangy at all. This  
>>> umbrella graph means /œ/ and /e/ anyway... the spelling is  
>>> attested, albeit in a place name.
>>>
>>> Place-name spellings are not a part of the scribal tradition.
>>>
>>> Michael Everson * http://www.evertype.com/
>>>
>>>
>>> _______________________________________________
>>> Spellyans mailing list
>>> Spellyans at kernowek.net
>>> http://kernowek.net/mailman/listinfo/spellyans_kernowek.net
>>>
>>>
>>> _______________________________________________
>>> Spellyans mailing list
>>> Spellyans at kernowek.net
>>> http://kernowek.net/mailman/listinfo/spellyans_kernowek.net
>>>
>>> _______________________________________________
>>> Spellyans mailing list
>>> Spellyans at kernowek.net
>>> http://kernowek.net/mailman/listinfo/spellyans_kernowek.net
>>
>> Ray Chubb
>>
>> Portreth
>> Kernow
>>
>> Agan Tavas web site:  www.agantavas.com
>>
>>
>> _______________________________________________
>> Spellyans mailing list
>> Spellyans at kernowek.net
>> http://kernowek.net/mailman/listinfo/spellyans_kernowek.net
>
> _______________________________________________
> Spellyans mailing list
> Spellyans at kernowek.net
> http://kernowek.net/mailman/listinfo/spellyans_kernowek.net

Ray Chubb

Portreth
Kernow

Agan Tavas web site:  www.agantavas.com


-------------- next part --------------
An HTML attachment was scrubbed...
URL: <http://kernowek.net/pipermail/spellyans_kernowek.net/attachments/20130114/1e581ee6/attachment-0001.html>


More information about the Spellyans mailing list