[Spellyans] holergh

Linus Band linusband at gmail.com
Sat Nov 9 12:14:11 GMT 2013


This is very interesting. I hope to be diving into the Cornish corpus for
my research soon. As soon as I do, I will look whether I can find any other
examples of this retention of the rounded quality before *l*.

Gans oll ow holon vy,
Linus


2013/11/9 Nicholas Williams <njawilliams at gmail.com>

> I have been criticised for writing *holergh* rather than *helergh*'late'. As far as I am aware the word is attested once only:
>
> *Pan o pur holergh an gyth*
> *y tefenas vn marrek*
> *del deth an nef war y fyth*
> *ef a welas golow tek*
> *han meyn vmhelys yn weth*
> *ese a vgh Ihesus whek*
> *ha warnozo a yseth*
> *ell benegas lowenek *
>
> When the day was very late
> a soldier awoke
> as it came from heaven onto his face
> he saw a beautiful light
> and the stone overturned also
> which had been above sweet Jesus
> and upon it sitting
> a blessed joyful angel (PA 244).
>
> The criticism is invalid, but there is an interesting point here.
> *Holergh* is from a Celtic form **so-lerg*- 'well advanced'.
> The vowel of *so*- when unstressed was reduced to schwa
> and then might have been expected to appear as eu. And this should
> later have unrounded to e. As it is the attested vowel is o.
> This is similar to the vowel in *solabrys* and *solathyth*, where
> the expected eu has retained its rounding before l.
> I think we may have a rule here. Where in Cornish unstressed eu from
> earlier o appears before l, it does not unround to e but
> falls together with o from other sources: *solabrys*, *solathyth*,
> *holergh*.
>
> Nicholas
>
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