[Spellyans] Adjectives in -(y)ek and -(y)el

njawilliams njawilliams at gmail.com
Sat Mar 4 16:25:14 GMT 2017


Please cite examples. Is there any evidence for -el as productive suffix? Such "enrichment" of a resuscitated language is in the view of many illegitimate and makes revived Cornish increasingly a conlang. 

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> On 4 Mar 2017, at 15:19, Ken George <ken.george at hotmail.co.uk> wrote:
> 
> While Welsh –(i)ol and Breton –el are common adjectival endings, the Middle Cornish cognate –el is scarcely attested in the texts.  For this reason, Nance preferred –ek as the principal ending to use when forming new adjectives.  In 1985, Oliver Padel showed in his book (CPNE) that ‑(y)el is found in Cornish place-names.  This gave the green light to creating adjectives which have -(y)el, as an alternative to -(y)ek.  As the following table shows, the Cornish Language Board has been particularly assiduous in the use of this suffix in forming neologisms.  These often correspond to words with English -al, e.g. ammethel 'agricultural'.  –y(-el) is now therefore highly productive as an adjectival suffix.  This is a valuable step in the enrichment of the language.
> 
>  
> 
> Words ending in
> 
> -(y)ek
> 
> -(y)el
> 
>  
> 
> No.
> 
> %
> 
> No.
> 
> %
> 
> Traditional Cornish of all phases
> 
> 153
> 
>  20
> 
>   5
> 
>   2
> 
> Nance’s dictionaries (CE38, EC52, CE55)
> 
> 231
> 
>  30
> 
>   9
> 
>   4
> 
> Supplements, CPNE, works of 1980s
> 
>  53
> 
>   7
> 
>   8
> 
>   4
> 
> Williams’ dictionary (EC00)
> 
>  52
> 
>   7
> 
>   2
> 
>   1
> 
> Six dictionaries published by the Kesva
> 
> 275
> 
>  36
> 
> 198
> 
>  89
> 
>                Total
> 
> 764
> 
> 100
> 
> 222
> 
> 100
> 
> This table was produced by examining all the head-words in Gerlyver Meur (2009) and Gerlyver Poket (2015).
> 
> 
> Dr Ken George
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