[Spellyans] 'Book' in the Akademi dictionary

Daniel Prohaska daniel at ryan-prohaska.com
Mon Apr 5 13:17:26 BST 2021


The tags ‹M› and ‹L› in the Academy’s dictionary don’t so much refer to traditional “Middle” or “Late” Cornish, but rather what has been standardised usage in the various flavours of Revived Cornish. There is little issue with the statement that orthographies such as Unified Cornish and Common Cornish are largely based on Middle Cornish and that Gendall’s Modern Cornish is largely based on Late Cornish. Unified and Common Cornish spell ‹lyver› and Modern Cornish spells ‹levar›. The SWF accommodates both traditions by allowing ‹lyver› and ‹lever›, and for those less familiar with the history of both traditional and revived Cornish these tags are helpful in sorting out which particular style to aim for. 


> On 05.04.2021, at 13:57, Nicholas Williams <njawilliams at gmail.com> wrote:
> The online dictionary of the Akademi Kernewek distinguishes by means of superscript M and L respectively “Middle Cornish” lyver ‘book’ from “Late Cornish: lever ‘book’. This alleged distinction is without justification. The attestations of the two variants are as follows in the texts.
> lyver TH 6a, 42, 45a, 47a, 49a, SA 60; lyfer TH 45; lyffer TH 18a; lyvyr PC 95
> lever TH 1, 46a x2, 47a x2, SA 61a, 62a, 63a, BF: 29 x2, 31 x2, Looking at the Mermaid: 244 (Bodinar); levar PA 135d, SA 59, AB: 246a, 250b; lefer BM 1418, 1499.
> It will be noticed that forms with e, i.e. lever, levar, lefer already occur in Pascon Agan Arluth, Beunans Meriasek, Tregear’s Homilies and Sacrament an Alter. There is no justification for the assertion that the y-forms are Middle Cornish and the e-forms belong exclusively to the later language. Again the compilers of the dictionary appear to be exhibiting an inadequate knowledge of the traditional language.
> Nicholas Williams
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