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<body lang=DE link=blue vlink=purple style='tab-interval:35.4pt;word-wrap: break-word;
-webkit-nbsp-mode: space;-webkit-line-break: after-white-space'>

<div class=Section1>

<p class=MsoNormal><font size=3 color=navy face=Gentium><span lang=EN-GB
style='font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Gentium;color:navy;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>Nicholas,
<o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=MsoNormal><font size=3 color=navy face=Gentium><span lang=EN-GB
style='font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Gentium;color:navy;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>What
is the source of the <span class=SpellE>englyn</span>? I was under the impression
that it was recorded by <span class=SpellE>Lhuyd</span>. Could he have been
responsible for the <span class=SpellE>Cymricisms</span>? <o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=MsoNormal><font size=3 color=navy face=Gentium><span lang=EN-GB
style='font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Gentium;color:navy;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'><o:p> </o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=MsoNormal><font size=3 color=navy face=Gentium><span lang=EN-GB
style='font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Gentium;color:navy;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>As
for the unstressed <a> in <<span class=SpellE><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
normal'><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span style='font-weight:bold;
mso-bidi-font-weight:normal;font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>tavas</span></i></b></span>>
(BK, SA, Hawke, <span class=SpellE>N.Boson</span>, <span class=SpellE>J.Boson</span>,
Pryce), we have the OC form <<span class=SpellE><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
normal'><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span style='font-weight:bold;
mso-bidi-font-weight:normal;font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>tauot</span></i></b></span>>
(VC) which I take to mean */ˈ<span class=SpellE>tavɔd</span>/ or */ˈ<span
class=SpellE>tavœd</span>/. The expected development would be */ˈ<span
class=SpellE>tavɛz</span>/ > */ˈ<span class=SpellE>tavəz</span>/
> LC */ˈ<span class=SpellE>tævɐz</span>/. Are you proposing
that <<span class=SpellE><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><i
style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span style='font-weight:bold;mso-bidi-font-weight:
normal;font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>taves</span></i></b></span>>
(<st1:place w:st="on">OM</st1:place>) */ˈ<span class=SpellE>tavɛz</span>/
passed through a development stage */ˈ<span class=SpellE>tavaz</span>/ at
the time of composition of the <span class=SpellE>englyn</span> before going on
to */ˈ<span class=SpellE>tavəz</span>/ and */ˈ<span
class=SpellE>tævɐz</span>/ after the prosodic shift?<o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=MsoNormal><font size=3 color=navy face=Gentium><span lang=EN-GB
style='font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Gentium;color:navy;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'><o:p> </o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=MsoNormal><font size=3 color=navy face=Gentium><span lang=EN-GB
style='font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Gentium;color:navy;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>Dan<o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=MsoNormal><font size=3 color=navy face=Gentium><span lang=EN-GB
style='font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Gentium;color:navy;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'><o:p> </o:p></span></font></p>

<div>

<div class=MsoNormal align=center style='text-align:center'><font size=3
color=navy face="Times New Roman"><span lang=EN-GB style='font-size:12.0pt;
color:navy;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>

<hr size=2 width="100%" align=center tabindex=-1>

</span></font></div>

<p class=MsoNormal><b><font size=2 color=navy face=Tahoma><span lang=EN-GB
style='font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Tahoma;color:navy;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB;
font-weight:bold'>From:</span></font></b><font size=2 color=navy face=Tahoma><span
lang=EN-GB style='font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Tahoma;color:navy;mso-ansi-language:
EN-GB'> spellyans-bounces@kernowek.net [mailto:spellyans-bounces@kernowek.net] <o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=MsoNormal><b><font size=2 color=navy face=Tahoma><span lang=EN-GB
style='font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Tahoma;color:navy;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB;
font-weight:bold'>On Behalf Of </span></font></b><span class=GramE><font
size=2 color=navy face=Tahoma><span lang=EN-GB style='font-size:10.0pt;
font-family:Tahoma;color:navy;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>nicholas</span></font></span><font
size=2 color=navy face=Tahoma><span lang=EN-GB style='font-size:10.0pt;
font-family:Tahoma;color:navy;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'> williams<br>
<b><span style='font-weight:bold'>Sent:</span></b> Wednesday, July 13, 2011
11:41 AM<br>
<b><span style='font-weight:bold'>To:</span></b> <st1:PersonName w:st="on">Standard
 Cornish discussion list</st1:PersonName><br>
<b><span style='font-weight:bold'>Subject:</span></b> [<span class=SpellE>Spellyans</span>]
<span class=SpellE>tavas</span> in early Middle Cornish</span></font><font
color=navy><span lang=EN-GB style='color:navy;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'><o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

</div>

<p class=MsoNormal><font size=3 face="Times New Roman"><span lang=EN-GB
style='font-size:12.0pt;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'><o:p> </o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=MsoNormal><span class=apple-style-span><font size=1 face=Georgia><span
lang=EN-GB style='font-size:9.0pt;font-family:Georgia;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>In
<i><span style='font-style:italic'>Cornish Studies 15</span></i> (2007) 11-26 I
published an article on the Cornish <span class=SpellE>englyn</span>.</span></font></span><font
color=navy><span lang=EN-GB style='color:navy;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'> </span></font><span
class=apple-style-span><font size=1 face=Georgia><span lang=EN-GB
style='font-size:9.0pt;font-family:Georgia;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>The best
known example in Cornish of this metrical form is recorded three times</span></font></span><font
color=navy><span lang=EN-GB style='color:navy;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'> </span></font><span
class=apple-style-span><font size=1 face=Georgia><span lang=EN-GB
style='font-size:9.0pt;font-family:Georgia;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>and begins <span
class=GramE><i><span style='font-style:italic'>An</span></i></span><i><span
style='font-style:italic'> <span class=SpellE>lavar</span> <span class=SpellE>coth</span>
<span class=SpellE>yw</span> <span class=SpellE>lavar</span> <span
class=SpellE>gwyr</span>.</span></i></span></font></span><font color=navy><span
lang=EN-GB style='color:navy;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'><o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<div>

<p class=MsoNormal><font size=3 face="Times New Roman"><span lang=EN-GB
style='font-size:12.0pt;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'><o:p> </o:p></span></font></p>

</div>

<div>

<p class=MsoNormal><span class=apple-style-span><font size=1 face=Georgia><span
lang=EN-GB style='font-size:9.0pt;font-family:Georgia;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>In
my article I suggested that the original form of the <span class=SpellE>englyn</span>
was probably:</span></font></span><span lang=EN-GB style='mso-ansi-language:
EN-GB'><o:p></o:p></span></p>

</div>

<div>

<p class=MsoNormal><font size=3 face="Times New Roman"><span lang=EN-GB
style='font-size:12.0pt;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'><o:p> </o:p></span></font></p>

</div>

<div>

<p class=MsoNormal><span class=GramE><span class=apple-style-span><i><font
size=1 face=Georgia><span lang=EN-GB style='font-size:9.0pt;font-family:Georgia;
mso-ansi-language:EN-GB;font-style:italic'>An</span></font></i></span></span><span
class=apple-style-span><i><font size=1 face=Georgia><span lang=EN-GB
style='font-size:9.0pt;font-family:Georgia;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB;font-style:
italic'> <span class=SpellE>lavar</span> <span class=SpellE>coth</span> <span
class=SpellE>yw</span> <span class=SpellE>lavar</span> <span class=SpellE>gwyr</span>:</span></font></i></span><span
lang=EN-GB style='mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'><o:p></o:p></span></p>

</div>

<div>

<p class=MsoNormal><span class=SpellE><span class=GramE><span
class=apple-style-span><i><font size=1 face=Georgia><span lang=EN-GB
style='font-size:9.0pt;font-family:Georgia;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB;font-style:
italic'>byth</span></font></i></span></span></span><span
class=apple-style-span><i><font size=1 face=Georgia><span lang=EN-GB
style='font-size:9.0pt;font-family:Georgia;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB;font-style:
italic'> <span class=SpellE>dorn</span> re <span class=SpellE>ver</span>, <span
class=SpellE>byth</span> <span class=SpellE>tavas</span> re <span class=SpellE>hyr</span>;</span></font></i></span><span
lang=EN-GB style='mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'><o:p></o:p></span></p>

</div>

<div>

<p class=MsoNormal><span class=SpellE><span class=GramE><span
class=apple-style-span><i><font size=1 face=Georgia><span lang=EN-GB
style='font-size:9.0pt;font-family:Georgia;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB;font-style:
italic'>mes</span></font></i></span></span></span><span class=apple-style-span><i><font
size=1 face=Georgia><span lang=EN-GB style='font-size:9.0pt;font-family:Georgia;
mso-ansi-language:EN-GB;font-style:italic'> <span class=SpellE>collas</span>
den <span class=SpellE>heb</span> <span class=SpellE>davas</span> y <span
class=SpellE>dyr</span>.</span></font></i></span><span lang=EN-GB
style='mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'><o:p></o:p></span></p>

</div>

<div>

<p class=MsoNormal><font size=3 face="Times New Roman"><span lang=EN-GB
style='font-size:12.0pt;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'><o:p> </o:p></span></font></p>

</div>

<div>

<p class=MsoNormal><span class=apple-style-span><font size=1 face=Georgia><span
lang=EN-GB style='font-size:9.0pt;font-family:Georgia;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>Here
there is alliteration in <i><span style='font-style:italic'>den,</span></i> <span
class=SpellE><i><span style='font-style:italic'>davas</span></i></span> and <span
class=SpellE><i><span style='font-style:italic'>dyr</span></i></span>.</span></font></span><span
lang=EN-GB style='mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'><o:p></o:p></span></p>

</div>

<div>

<p class=MsoNormal><span class=apple-style-span><font size=1 face=Georgia><span
lang=EN-GB style='font-size:9.0pt;font-family:Georgia;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>There
is also internal rhyme between <span class=SpellE><i><span style='font-style:
italic'>collas</span></i></span> and <span class=SpellE><i><span
style='font-style:italic'>davas</span></i></span>.</span></font></span><span
lang=EN-GB style='mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'><o:p></o:p></span></p>

</div>

<div>

<p class=MsoNormal><font size=3 face="Times New Roman"><span lang=EN-GB
style='font-size:12.0pt;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'><o:p> </o:p></span></font></p>

</div>

<div>

<p class=MsoNormal><span class=apple-style-span><font size=1 face=Georgia><span
lang=EN-GB style='font-size:9.0pt;font-family:Georgia;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>It
is even possible, though I did not suggest this in my <span class=GramE>article,
that</span></span></font></span><font color=navy><span lang=EN-GB
style='color:navy;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'> </span></font><span
class=apple-style-span><font size=1 face=Georgia><span lang=EN-GB
style='font-size:9.0pt;font-family:Georgia;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>the
original form of the <span class=SpellE>englyn</span> may have been:</span></font></span><font
color=navy><span lang=EN-GB style='color:navy;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'><o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

</div>

<div>

<p class=MsoNormal><font size=3 face="Times New Roman"><span lang=EN-GB
style='font-size:12.0pt;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'><o:p> </o:p></span></font></p>

</div>

<div>

<p class=MsoNormal><span class=GramE><span class=apple-style-span><i><font
size=1 face=Georgia><span lang=EN-GB style='font-size:9.0pt;font-family:Georgia;
mso-ansi-language:EN-GB;font-style:italic'>An</span></font></i></span></span><span
class=apple-style-span><i><font size=1 face=Georgia><span lang=EN-GB
style='font-size:9.0pt;font-family:Georgia;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB;font-style:
italic'> <span class=SpellE>lavar</span> <span class=SpellE>coth</span> <span
class=SpellE>yw</span> <span class=SpellE>lavar</span> <span class=SpellE>gwyr</span>:</span></font></i></span><span
lang=EN-GB style='mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'><o:p></o:p></span></p>

</div>

<div>

<p class=MsoNormal><span class=SpellE><span class=GramE><span
class=apple-style-span><i><font size=1 face=Georgia><span lang=EN-GB
style='font-size:9.0pt;font-family:Georgia;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB;font-style:
italic'>byth</span></font></i></span></span></span><span
class=apple-style-span><i><font size=1 face=Georgia><span lang=EN-GB
style='font-size:9.0pt;font-family:Georgia;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB;font-style:
italic'> <span class=SpellE>dorn</span> re <span class=SpellE>ver</span>, <span
class=SpellE>byth</span> <span class=SpellE>tavas</span> re <span class=SpellE>hyr</span>:</span></font></i></span><span
lang=EN-GB style='mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'><o:p></o:p></span></p>

</div>

<div>

<p class=MsoNormal><span class=SpellE><span class=GramE><span
class=apple-style-span><i><font size=1 face=Georgia><span lang=EN-GB
style='font-size:9.0pt;font-family:Georgia;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB;font-style:
italic'>mes</span></font></i></span></span></span><span class=apple-style-span><i><font
size=1 face=Georgia><span lang=EN-GB style='font-size:9.0pt;font-family:Georgia;
mso-ansi-language:EN-GB;font-style:italic'> <span class=SpellE>collas</span>
den <span class=SpellE>heb</span> <span class=SpellE>davas</span> <span
class=SpellE>dyr</span></span></font></i></span><span lang=EN-GB
style='mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'><o:p></o:p></span></p>

</div>

<div>

<p class=MsoNormal><font size=3 face="Times New Roman"><span lang=EN-GB
style='font-size:12.0pt;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'><o:p> </o:p></span></font></p>

</div>

<div>

<p class=MsoNormal><span class=apple-style-span><font size=1 face=Georgia><span
lang=EN-GB style='font-size:9.0pt;font-family:Georgia;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>'The
old saying is a true saying:</span></font></span><span lang=EN-GB
style='mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'><o:p></o:p></span></p>

</div>

<div>

<p class=MsoNormal><span class=GramE><span class=apple-style-span><font size=1
face=Georgia><span lang=EN-GB style='font-size:9.0pt;font-family:Georgia;
mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>a</span></font></span></span><span
class=apple-style-span><font size=1 face=Georgia><span lang=EN-GB
style='font-size:9.0pt;font-family:Georgia;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'> hand is
wont to be too short, a tongue is wont to be too long;</span></font></span><span
lang=EN-GB style='mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'><o:p></o:p></span></p>

</div>

<div>

<p class=MsoNormal><span class=GramE><span class=apple-style-span><font size=1
face=Georgia><span lang=EN-GB style='font-size:9.0pt;font-family:Georgia;
mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>but</span></font></span></span><span
class=apple-style-span><font size=1 face=Georgia><span lang=EN-GB
style='font-size:9.0pt;font-family:Georgia;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'> the
man without a tongue lost ground.'</span></font></span><span lang=EN-GB
style='mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'><o:p></o:p></span></p>

</div>

<div>

<p class=MsoNormal><font size=3 face="Times New Roman"><span lang=EN-GB
style='font-size:12.0pt;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'><o:p> </o:p></span></font></p>

</div>

<div>

<p class=MsoNormal><span class=apple-style-span><font size=1 face=Georgia><span
lang=EN-GB style='font-size:9.0pt;font-family:Georgia;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>Here
the verb <span class=SpellE><i><span style='font-style:italic'>collas</span></i></span>
rhymes with <span class=SpellE><i><span style='font-style:italic'>davas</span></i></span>
and <span class=SpellE><i><span style='font-style:italic'>davas</span></i></span>
and <span class=SpellE><i><span style='font-style:italic'>dyr</span></i></span>
alliterate.</span></font></span><span lang=EN-GB style='mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'><o:p></o:p></span></p>

</div>

<div>

<p class=MsoNormal><span class=SpellE><span class=apple-style-span><i><font
size=1 face=Georgia><span lang=EN-GB style='font-size:9.0pt;font-family:Georgia;
mso-ansi-language:EN-GB;font-style:italic'>Dyr</span></font></i></span></span><span
class=apple-style-span><i><font size=1 face=Georgia><span lang=EN-GB
style='font-size:9.0pt;font-family:Georgia;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB;font-style:
italic'> </span></font></i></span><span class=apple-style-span><font size=1
face=Georgia><span lang=EN-GB style='font-size:9.0pt;font-family:Georgia;
mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>is lenited because it is the object of an inflected
verb <span class=SpellE><i><span style='font-style:italic'>collas</span></i></span>.</span></font></span><span
lang=EN-GB style='mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'><o:p></o:p></span></p>

</div>

<div>

<p class=MsoNormal><span class=apple-style-span><font size=1 face=Georgia><span
lang=EN-GB style='font-size:9.0pt;font-family:Georgia;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>This
syntax has not been attested in Cornish but is normal in Welsh.</span></font></span><span
lang=EN-GB style='mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'><o:p></o:p></span></p>

</div>

<div>

<p class=MsoNormal><font size=3 face="Times New Roman"><span lang=EN-GB
style='font-size:12.0pt;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'><o:p> </o:p></span></font></p>

</div>

<div>

<p class=MsoNormal><span class=apple-style-span><font size=1 face=Georgia><span
lang=EN-GB style='font-size:9.0pt;font-family:Georgia;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>The
whole <span class=SpellE>englyn</span>, in whatever form, is archaic in the
following ways.</span></font></span><span lang=EN-GB style='mso-ansi-language:
EN-GB'><o:p></o:p></span></p>

</div>

<div>

<p class=MsoNormal><span class=apple-style-span><font size=1 face=Georgia><span
lang=EN-GB style='font-size:9.0pt;font-family:Georgia;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>1.
It is in <span class=SpellE>englyn</span> metre, an inherited verse form, which
is rare in Cornish.</span></font></span><span lang=EN-GB style='mso-ansi-language:
EN-GB'><o:p></o:p></span></p>

</div>

<div>

<p class=MsoNormal><span class=apple-style-span><font size=1 face=Georgia><span
lang=EN-GB style='font-size:9.0pt;font-family:Georgia;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>2.
The verbs <span class=SpellE><i><span style='font-style:italic'>byth</span></i></span>,
<span class=SpellE><i><span style='font-style:italic'>byth</span></i></span>
and <span class=SpellE><i><span style='font-style:italic'>collas</span></i></span>
are used without particle. This seems to be a feature of gnomic verse.</span></font></span><span
lang=EN-GB style='mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'><o:p></o:p></span></p>

</div>

<div>

<p class=MsoNormal><span class=apple-style-span><font size=1 face=Georgia><span
lang=EN-GB style='font-size:9.0pt;font-family:Georgia;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>3.
There is alliteration and internal rhyme (common <span class=SpellE>Brythonic</span>
features)</span></font></span><span lang=EN-GB style='mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'><o:p></o:p></span></p>

</div>

<div>

<p class=MsoNormal><span class=apple-style-span><font size=1 face=Georgia><span
lang=EN-GB style='font-size:9.0pt;font-family:Georgia;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>4.
The word for 'short' is <span class=SpellE><i><span style='font-style:italic'>ber</span></i></span>,
rather than the more usual <i><span style='font-style:italic'>cot</span></i>.
Elsewhere in Cornish <span class=SpellE><i><span style='font-style:italic'>ber</span></i></span>
is used only in fixed expressions like <i><span style='font-style:italic'>a <span
class=SpellE>ver</span> <span class=SpellE><span class=GramE>spys</span></span></span></i><span
class=GramE>.</span></span></font></span><span lang=EN-GB style='mso-ansi-language:
EN-GB'><o:p></o:p></span></p>

</div>

<div>

<p class=MsoNormal><font size=3 face="Times New Roman"><span lang=EN-GB
style='font-size:12.0pt;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'><o:p> </o:p></span></font></p>

</div>

<div>

<p class=MsoNormal><span class=apple-style-span><font size=1 face=Georgia><span
lang=EN-GB style='font-size:9.0pt;font-family:Georgia;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>Yet
<span class=SpellE><i><span style='font-style:italic'>davas</span></i></span>,
with assibilated final, rather than Old Cornish <span class=SpellE><i><span
style='font-style:italic'>tauot</span></i></span>, shows that the <span
class=SpellE>englyn</span> was composed in Middle Cornish<span class=GramE>, .</span></span></font></span><span
lang=EN-GB style='mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'><o:p></o:p></span></p>

</div>

<div>

<p class=MsoNormal><font size=3 face="Times New Roman"><span lang=EN-GB
style='font-size:12.0pt;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'><o:p> </o:p></span></font></p>

</div>

<div>

<p class=MsoNormal><span class=apple-style-span><font size=1 face=Georgia><span
lang=EN-GB style='font-size:9.0pt;font-family:Georgia;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>I
think it very likely that this <span class=SpellE>englyn</span> dates from the
earlier part of the Middle Cornish period.</span></font></span><span
lang=EN-GB style='mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'><o:p></o:p></span></p>

</div>

<div>

<p class=MsoNormal><span class=apple-style-span><font size=1 face=Georgia><span
lang=EN-GB style='font-size:9.0pt;font-family:Georgia;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>I
would put it in the early thirteenth century.</span></font></span><span
lang=EN-GB style='mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'><o:p></o:p></span></p>

</div>

<div>

<p class=MsoNormal><font size=3 face="Times New Roman"><span lang=EN-GB
style='font-size:12.0pt;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'><o:p> </o:p></span></font></p>

</div>

<div>

<p class=MsoNormal><span class=apple-style-span><font size=1 face=Georgia><span
lang=EN-GB style='font-size:9.0pt;font-family:Georgia;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>Notice
that the word <span class=SpellE><i><span style='font-style:italic'>tavas</span></i></span>
has unstressed -<i><span style='font-style:italic'>a</span></i>- in the <span
class=SpellE>englyn</span>, which rhymes with <span class=SpellE><i><span
style='font-style:italic'>collas</span></i></span>.</span></font></span><span
lang=EN-GB style='mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'><o:p></o:p></span></p>

</div>

<div>

<p class=MsoNormal><span class=apple-style-span><font size=1 face=Georgia><span
lang=EN-GB style='font-size:9.0pt;font-family:Georgia;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>In
the earliest Middle Cornish 'tongue' was <span class=SpellE><i><span
style='font-style:italic'>tavas</span></i></span>, not <span class=SpellE><i><span
style='font-style:italic'>taves</span></i></span>.</span></font></span><span
lang=EN-GB style='mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'><o:p></o:p></span></p>

</div>

<div>

<p class=MsoNormal><font size=3 face="Times New Roman"><span lang=EN-GB
style='font-size:12.0pt;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'><o:p> </o:p></span></font></p>

</div>

<div>

<p class=MsoNormal><span class=apple-style-span><font size=1 face=Georgia><span
lang=EN-GB style='font-size:9.0pt;font-family:Georgia;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>Nicholas </span></font></span><span
lang=EN-GB style='mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'><o:p></o:p></span></p>

</div>

</div>

</body>

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