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<body lang=DE link=blue vlink=purple style='tab-interval:35.4pt'>

<div class=Section1>

<p class=MsoPlainText><font size=3 color=navy face=Gentium><span lang=EN-GB
style='font-size:12.0pt;color:navy;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB;mso-fareast-language:
DE'>-----Original Message-----<br>
From: spellyans-bounces@kernowek.net [mailto:spellyans-bounces@kernowek.net] <o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=MsoPlainText><font size=3 color=navy face=Gentium><span lang=EN-GB
style='font-size:12.0pt;color:navy;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB;mso-fareast-language:
DE'>On Behalf Of Michael Everson<br>
Sent: Wednesday, July 13, 2011 11:42 PM<br>
To: <st1:PersonName w:st="on">Standard Cornish discussion list</st1:PersonName><br>
Subject: Re: [<span class=SpellE>Spellyans</span>] <span class=SpellE>tavas</span>
in early Middle Cornish</span></font><font color=navy><span lang=EN-GB
style='color:navy;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'><o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=MsoPlainText><font size=3 face=Gentium><span lang=EN-GB
style='font-size:12.0pt;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'><o:p> </o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=MsoPlainText><font size=3 face=Gentium><span lang=EN-GB
style='font-size:12.0pt;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>“On 13 Jul 2011, at 21:42, Jed
Matthews wrote:<o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=MsoPlainText><font size=3 face=Gentium><span lang=EN-GB
style='font-size:12.0pt;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'><o:p> </o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=MsoPlainText><font size=3 face=Gentium><span lang=EN-GB
style='font-size:12.0pt;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>> That's very interesting.<o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=MsoPlainText><font size=3 face=Gentium><span lang=EN-GB
style='font-size:12.0pt;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>> <o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=MsoPlainText><font size=3 face=Gentium><span lang=EN-GB
style='font-size:12.0pt;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>> Is there a wider lack of
distinction between ɨ and ə across the texts? As an LC speaker one of my main
concerns about KS is unstressed y representing schwa where it possibly shouldn't.<o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=MsoPlainText><font size=3 face=Gentium><span lang=EN-GB
style='font-size:12.0pt;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'><o:p> </o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=MsoPlainText><font size=3 face=Gentium><span lang=EN-GB
style='font-size:12.0pt;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>I think you've been sold a
pup. I think you've put a lot of store into something that isn't significant in
Cornish.”<o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=MsoPlainText><font size=3 color=black face=Gentium><span lang=EN-GB
style='font-size:12.0pt;color:black;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'><o:p> </o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=MsoPlainText><font size=3 color=navy face=Gentium><span lang=EN-GB
style='font-size:12.0pt;color:navy;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>Rather than a buyer
of a pup, I think, Jed, you may have misunderstood something. Ken George
maintained that at his central date of Cornish ca. 1500 that in closed
unstressed syllables the vowels /ɪ<span class=GramE>/ :</span> /ɛ/ : /a/ : /ɔ/
: /o/ : /u/ were distinguished. <o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=MsoPlainText><font size=3 color=navy face=Gentium><span lang=EN-GB
style='font-size:12.0pt;color:navy;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>/ɪ/ can be spelt
<<span class=SpellE><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><i
style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span style='font-weight:bold;mso-bidi-font-weight:
normal;font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>i</span></i></b></span><b
style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span
style='font-weight:bold;mso-bidi-font-weight:normal;font-style:italic;
mso-bidi-font-style:normal'> y u</span></i></b>> in KK (<span class=SpellE><b
style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span
style='font-weight:bold;mso-bidi-font-weight:normal;font-style:italic;
mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>kegin</span></i></b></span>, <span class=SpellE><b
style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span
style='font-weight:bold;mso-bidi-font-weight:normal;font-style:italic;
mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>melyn</span></i></b></span>, <span class=SpellE><b
style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span
style='font-weight:bold;mso-bidi-font-weight:normal;font-style:italic;
mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>seythun</span></i></b></span>);<o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=MsoPlainText><font size=3 color=navy face=Gentium><span lang=EN-GB
style='font-size:12.0pt;color:navy;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'><o:p> </o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=MsoPlainText><font size=3 color=navy face=Gentium><span lang=EN-GB
style='font-size:12.0pt;color:navy;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>There was never a
distinction proposed between the words spelt with <<span class=SpellE><b
style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span
style='font-weight:bold;mso-bidi-font-weight:normal;font-style:italic;
mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>i</span></i></b></span>> and those spelt with
<<b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span
style='font-weight:bold;mso-bidi-font-weight:normal;font-style:italic;
mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>y</span></i></b>>, though he does give an unstressed
vowel system for ca. 1225 that maintains a distinction between /<span
class=SpellE>i</span>/ and /ɪ/ (‘Cornish’ by <span class=SpellE>K.George</span>
in ‘The Celtic Languages’, <span class=SpellE>Routledge</span> 1992, 2002, ed.
Martin J. Ball). <o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=MsoPlainText><font size=3 color=black face=Gentium><span lang=EN-GB
style='font-size:12.0pt;color:black;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'><o:p> </o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=MsoPlainText><font size=3 face=Gentium><span lang=EN-GB
style='font-size:12.0pt;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>“By and large in unstressed
final closed syllables you get /ə/. Now there seems to be evidence that there
are three colours of this, namely [</span></font><span lang=EN-GB
style='mso-bidi-font-family:Gentium;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>ᵻ] and [ə]
(perhaps [</span><span lang=EN-GB style='mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>ɐ]) and [</span><span
lang=EN-GB style='mso-bidi-font-family:Gentium;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>ᵿ].
Dick <span class=SpellE>Gendall's</span> orthography masks the colouring
distinction as much as anything else. He writes (as I said previously) <<span
class=SpellE>kegen</span>> with <<span class=SpellE>ān</span>> right
alongside <<span class=SpellE>kettermen</span>> <</span><span
class=SpellE><span lang=EN-GB style='mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>ẏn</span></span><span
lang=EN-GB style='mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>> and <span class=SpellE>termen</span>
<en>. According to his own key he intends these to correspond to [ɒ] and
[ə] and [e]. I'm afraid that here, at least, his recommendations are not
coherent. <o:p></o:p></span></p>

<p class=MsoPlainText><font size=3 color=black face=Gentium><span lang=EN-GB
style='font-size:12.0pt;color:black;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'><o:p> </o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=MsoPlainText><font size=3 color=navy face=Gentium><span lang=EN-GB
style='font-size:12.0pt;color:navy;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>Michael, some of
the symbols didn’t come through, so I’ll have to guess what they mean. My take
on the unstressed vowels in Middle Cornish between ca. 1450 and 1550 is /ɪ<span
class=GramE>/ :</span> /ə/ : /ʊ/. The first two remained distinct in LC with
partial redistribution, while /ʊ/ was lost, falling in with /ɪ/ or /ə/.<o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=MsoPlainText><font size=3 color=navy face=Gentium><span lang=EN-GB
style='font-size:12.0pt;color:navy;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'><o:p> </o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=MsoPlainText><font size=3 color=navy face=Gentium><span lang=EN-GB
style='font-size:12.0pt;color:navy;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>/ɪ<span
class=GramE>/ :</span> SWF <<span class=SpellE><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
normal'><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span style='font-weight:bold;
mso-bidi-font-weight:normal;font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>i</span></i></b></span><b
style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span
style='font-weight:bold;mso-bidi-font-weight:normal;font-style:italic;
mso-bidi-font-style:normal'> y</span></i></b>> in <span class=SpellE><b
style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span
style='font-weight:bold;mso-bidi-font-weight:normal;font-style:italic;
mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>kegin</span></i></b></span>, <span class=SpellE><b
style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span
style='font-weight:bold;mso-bidi-font-weight:normal;font-style:italic;
mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>melyn</span></i></b></span>;<o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=MsoPlainText><font size=3 color=navy face=Gentium><span lang=EN-GB
style='font-size:12.0pt;color:navy;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>/ə<span
class=GramE>/ :</span> SWF <<b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><i
style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span style='font-weight:bold;mso-bidi-font-weight:
normal;font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>e a o</span></i></b>>
in <span class=SpellE><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><i
style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span style='font-weight:bold;mso-bidi-font-weight:
normal;font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>gwedhen</span></i></b></span>,
<span class=SpellE><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:
normal'><span style='font-weight:bold;mso-bidi-font-weight:normal;font-style:
italic;mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>holan</span></i></b></span>, <b
style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span
style='font-weight:bold;mso-bidi-font-weight:normal;font-style:italic;
mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>colon</span></i></b>;<o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=MsoPlainText><font size=3 color=navy face=Gentium><span lang=EN-GB
style='font-size:12.0pt;color:navy;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>/ʊ<span
class=GramE>/ :</span> SWF <<b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><i
style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span style='font-weight:bold;mso-bidi-font-weight:
normal;font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>o <span class=SpellE>ou</span>
u</span></i></b>> in <span class=SpellE><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><i
style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span style='font-weight:bold;mso-bidi-font-weight:
normal;font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>cavos</span></i></b></span>,
<span class=SpellE><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:
normal'><span style='font-weight:bold;mso-bidi-font-weight:normal;font-style:
italic;mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>chambour</span></i></b></span>, <span
class=SpellE><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:
normal'><span style='font-weight:bold;mso-bidi-font-weight:normal;font-style:
italic;mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>arludh</span></i></b></span>; <o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=MsoPlainText><font size=3 color=navy face=Gentium><span lang=EN-GB
style='font-size:12.0pt;color:navy;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'><o:p> </o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=MsoPlainText><font size=3 color=navy face=Gentium><span lang=EN-GB
style='font-size:12.0pt;color:navy;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>The lack of clear
orthographic distinction between /ɔ<span class=GramE>/ :</span> /ʊ/ is obvious
here, too.<o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=MsoPlainText><font size=3 face=Gentium><span lang=EN-GB
style='font-size:12.0pt;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'><o:p> </o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=MsoPlainText><font size=3 face=Gentium><span lang=EN-GB
style='font-size:12.0pt;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>“Certainly his recommendation
that "<span class=SpellE>kegen</span>" has a low back vowel
(effectively "<span class=SpellE>kegon</span>") is at odds with your
view that it should have a high front vowel. <o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=MsoPlainText><font size=3 face=Gentium><span lang=EN-GB
style='font-size:12.0pt;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'><o:p> </o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=MsoPlainText><font size=3 face=Gentium><span lang=EN-GB
style='font-size:12.0pt;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>The reason <span class=SpellE>kegin</span>
has <span class=GramE>an <span class=SpellE>i</span></span> in the SWF is that
Ken George thought it was better because in British Latin it was <span
class=SpellE>cocîna</span>. His recommended pronunciation is [ˈ<span
class=SpellE>kɛɡɪn</span>]. Ken George writes <<span class=SpellE>melyn</span>>
because Welsh <span class=GramE>does</span>, and he says the pronunciation is [ˈ<span
class=SpellE>mɛlɪn</span>]. He writes <<span class=SpellE>melin</span>>
because in Latin it was <span class=SpellE>molîna</span>, and he says the
pronunciation is [ˈ<span class=SpellE>mɛlɪn</span>]. No difference in
pronunciation.”<o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=MsoPlainText><font size=3 face=Gentium><span lang=EN-GB
style='font-size:12.0pt;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'><o:p> </o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=MsoPlainText><font size=3 face=Gentium><span lang=EN-GB
style='font-size:12.0pt;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>In <span class=SpellE>Gendall's</span>
2007 dictionary he writes <<span class=SpellE>melin</span>> 'yellow' [ˈ<span
class=SpellE>melin</span>], <<span class=SpellE>belin</span>> 'mill' [ˈ<span
class=SpellE>belin</span>], and he writes <<span class=SpellE>kegen</span>>
'kitchen' [ˈ<span class=SpellE>kegǝn</span>]. But in CW <<span class=SpellE>gegen</span>>
rhymes with <<span class=SpellE>onyn</span>>, which is in SWF written
<<span class=SpellE>onen</span>> and <<span class=SpellE>onan</span>>.
If there were really such a distinction even in RLC, you'd want to write <<span
class=SpellE>onin</span>>, wouldn't you?<o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=MsoPlainText><font size=3 face=Gentium><span lang=EN-GB
style='font-size:12.0pt;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'><o:p> </o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=MsoPlainText><span class=SpellE><font size=3 face=Gentium><span
lang=EN-GB style='font-size:12.0pt;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>Kegyn/kegen/kegin</span></font></span><span
lang=EN-GB style='mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'> <span class=GramE>are</span> all
pronounced as in "The frog he went a-<span class=SpellE>beggin</span>'."
<span class=GramE>Whether that's realized as [ˈ<span class=SpellE>bɛg<span
style='mso-bidi-font-family:Gentium'>ᵻn</span></span><span style='mso-bidi-font-family:
Gentium'>] or [ˈ<span class=SpellE>b<span style='mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>ɛgɪn</span></span></span>]
or [ˈ<span class=SpellE>bɛgən</span>], all allophonic.</span> English
"melon" is the same. <span class=GramE>Makes no difference whether
it's realized as [ˈ<span class=SpellE>mɛl<span style='mso-bidi-font-family:
Gentium'>ᵿn</span></span><span style='mso-bidi-font-family:Gentium'>] or [ˈ<span
class=SpellE>m<span style='mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>ɛlən</span></span></span>]
or [ˈ<span class=SpellE>mɛlən</span>].”</span><o:p></o:p></span></p>

<p class=MsoPlainText><font size=3 color=black face=Gentium><span lang=EN-GB
style='font-size:12.0pt;color:black;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'><o:p> </o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=MsoPlainText><font size=3 color=navy face=Gentium><span lang=EN-GB
style='font-size:12.0pt;color:navy;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>There is a tendency
in LC to distinguish between <<b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><i
style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span style='font-weight:bold;mso-bidi-font-weight:
normal;font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>a</span></i></b>> and
<<b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span
style='font-weight:bold;mso-bidi-font-weight:normal;font-style:italic;
mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>e</span></i></b>>. The e-words often show
spellings suggesting a higher front and back vowel in MC, whereas the a-words
appear to be the reflex of the middle row <<b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
normal'><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span style='font-weight:bold;
mso-bidi-font-weight:normal;font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>e <span
class=GramE>a</span> o</span></i></b>>. <span
style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span><o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=MsoPlainText><font size=3 color=navy face=Gentium><span lang=EN-GB
style='font-size:12.0pt;color:navy;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'><o:p> </o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=MsoPlainText><u><font size=3 color=navy face=Gentium><span lang=EN-GB
style='font-size:12.0pt;color:navy;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>LC <b
style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span
style='font-weight:bold;mso-bidi-font-weight:normal;font-style:italic;
mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>e</span></i></b>-words</span></font></u><font
color=navy><span lang=EN-GB style='color:navy;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>: verbal
adjectives in -<span class=SpellE><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><i
style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span style='font-weight:bold;mso-bidi-font-weight:
normal;font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>ez</span></i></b></span> (<
-<span class=SpellE><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span
style='font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>ys</span></i></span>); <span
class=SpellE><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:
normal'><span style='font-weight:bold;mso-bidi-font-weight:normal;font-style:
italic;mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>kegin</span></i></b></span> (cf. <span
class=SpellE><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span style='font-style:
italic;mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>keghin</span></i></span> (VC), <span
class=SpellE><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span style='font-style:
italic;mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>gegyn</span></i></span> (BM), <span
class=SpellE><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span style='font-style:
italic;mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>gegen</span></i></span> (BM, CW, <span
class=SpellE>Lh</span>)); <span class=SpellE><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
normal'><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span style='font-weight:bold;
mso-bidi-font-weight:normal;font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>arludh</span></i></b></span>
(cf. <span class=SpellE><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span
style='font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>arluit</span></i></span> (VC),
<span class=SpellE><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span
style='font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>arluth</span></i></span> (PA,
OM, PC, RD, BM, BK, TH, SA, CW, <span class=SpellE>J.Keigwin</span>, <span
class=SpellE>W.Rowe</span>), <span class=SpellE><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:
normal'><span style='font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>arloth</span></i></span>
(OM), <span class=SpellE><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span
style='font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>arlud</span></i></span> (BM),
<span class=SpellE><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span
style='font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>arloyth</span></i></span>
(BK), <span class=SpellE><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span
style='font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>arleth</span></i></span> (<span
class=SpellE>W.Rowe</span>, <span class=SpellE>W.Gwavas</span>, <span
class=SpellE>T.Boson</span>, <span class=SpellE>J.Boson</span>), <span
class=SpellE><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span style='font-style:
italic;mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>arlyth</span></i></span> (<span
class=SpellE>N.Boson</span>), <span class=SpellE><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:
normal'><span style='font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>arlith</span></i></span>
(<span class=SpellE>T.Boson</span>), <span class=SpellE><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:
normal'><span style='font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>arlydh</span></i></span>
(<span class=SpellE>Lh</span>), <span class=SpellE><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:
normal'><span style='font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>arlụidh</span></i></span>
(<span class=SpellE>Lh</span>)); <span class=SpellE><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
normal'><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span style='font-weight:bold;
mso-bidi-font-weight:normal;font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>gwenton</span></i></b></span>
(cf. <span class=SpellE><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span
style='font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>gwaintoin</span></i></span>
(VC), <span class=SpellE><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span
style='font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>guainten</span></i></span>
(<span class=SpellE>Lh</span>), <span class=SpellE><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:
normal'><span style='font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>gwainten</span></i></span>
(Pryce)); <o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=MsoPlainText><font size=3 color=navy face=Gentium><span lang=EN-GB
style='font-size:12.0pt;color:navy;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'><o:p> </o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=MsoPlainText><u><font size=3 color=navy face=Gentium><span lang=EN-GB
style='font-size:12.0pt;color:navy;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>LC <b
style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span
style='font-weight:bold;mso-bidi-font-weight:normal;font-style:italic;
mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>a</span></i></b>-words</span></font></u><font
color=navy><span lang=EN-GB style='color:navy;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>: var. endings
-<span class=SpellE><span class=GramE><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><i
style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span style='font-weight:bold;mso-bidi-font-weight:
normal;font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>az</span></i></b></span></span>
(< -<span class=SpellE><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span
style='font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>es</span></i></span>, -<i
style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span style='font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:
normal'>as</span></i>, -<span class=SpellE><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span
style='font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>os</span></i></span>); <span
class=SpellE><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:
normal'><span style='font-weight:bold;mso-bidi-font-weight:normal;font-style:
italic;mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>holan</span></i></b></span> (cf. <span
class=SpellE><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span style='font-style:
italic;mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>holoin</span></i></span> (VC), <span
class=SpellE><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span style='font-style:
italic;mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>holan</span></i></span> (<span class=SpellE>J.Boson</span>,
<span class=SpellE>Lh</span>, <span class=SpellE>Gwavas</span>, Tonkin, Pryce),
<span class=SpellE><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span
style='font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>hollan</span></i></span> (<span
class=SpellE>O.Pender</span>), <span class=SpellE><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:
normal'><span style='font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>halan</span></i></span>
(Pryce)); <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:
normal'><span style='font-weight:bold;mso-bidi-font-weight:normal;font-style:
italic;mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>colon</span></i></b> (cf. <i
style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span style='font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:
normal'>colon</span></i> (VC, PA, OM, PC, RD, BM, <span class=SpellE>Keigwin</span>,
Pryce), <span class=SpellE><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span
style='font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>colen</span></i></span> (OM),
<span class=SpellE><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span
style='font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>colyn</span></i></span> (BM),
<span class=SpellE><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span
style='font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>colan</span></i></span> (BM,
BK, TH, SA, CW), <span class=SpellE><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span
style='font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>collan</span></i></span> (<span
class=SpellE>N.Boson</span>), <span class=SpellE><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:
normal'><span style='font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>kolan</span></i></span>
(<span class=SpellE>Lh</span>, <span class=SpellE>J.Boson</span>), <span
class=SpellE><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span style='font-style:
italic;mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>kalan</span></i></span> (<span class=SpellE>Lh</span>),
<span class=SpellE><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span
style='font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>kolon</span></i></span> (<span
class=SpellE>J.Boson</span>); the plural has <<i style='mso-bidi-font-style:
normal'><span style='font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>o</span></i>>
only); <span class=SpellE><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><i
style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span style='font-weight:bold;mso-bidi-font-weight:
normal;font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>chambour</span></i></b></span>
(cf. <span class=SpellE><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span
style='font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>chammbour</span></i></span>
(OM), <span class=SpellE><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span
style='font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>cham̃ber</span></i></span>
(BK), <span class=SpellE><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span
style='font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>tshombar</span></i></span>
(<span class=SpellE>Lh</span>)); <span class=SpellE><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
normal'><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span style='font-weight:bold;
mso-bidi-font-weight:normal;font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>cavos</span></i></b></span>
(cf. <span class=SpellE><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span
style='font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>cafos</span></i></span> (PA,
OM), <span class=SpellE><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span
style='font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>caffos</span></i></span> (PA),
<i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span style='font-style:italic;
mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>cafes</span></i> (OM), <span class=SpellE><i
style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span style='font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:
normal'>kafus</span></i></span> (OM, TH), <span class=SpellE>cafus</span> (OM,
PC, RD, BM, TH), <span class=SpellE><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span
style='font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>caffus</span></i></span> (OM,
RD), <span class=SpellE>cawas</span> (BM, CW, <span class=SpellE>W.Rowe</span>),
<span class=SpellE><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span
style='font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>cafas</span></i></span> (BK,
SA), <span class=SpellE><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span
style='font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>kafas</span></i></span> (TH),
<i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span style='font-style:italic;
mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>kavas</span></i> (<span class=SpellE>Keigwin</span>),
<span class=SpellE><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span
style='font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>gouas</span></i></span> (<span
class=SpellE>T.Boson</span>), <span class=SpellE><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:
normal'><span style='font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>gowas</span></i></span>
(Jenkins, <span class=SpellE>Chirgwin</span>), <span class=SpellE><i
style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span style='font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:
normal'>koụaz</span></i></span> (<span class=SpellE>Lh</span>), <span
class=SpellE><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span style='font-style:
italic;mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>kaụaz</span></i></span> (<span
class=SpellE>Lh</span>) … among others); <o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=MsoPlainText><font size=3 color=navy face=Gentium><span lang=EN-GB
style='font-size:12.0pt;color:navy;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'><o:p> </o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=MsoPlainText><font size=3 color=navy face=Gentium><span lang=EN-GB
style='font-size:12.0pt;color:navy;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>The MC system of /ɪ<span
class=GramE>/ :</span> /ə/ : /ʊ/ was further reduced in LC to /ɪ/ [ə] : /ə/ [ɐ].
The words that had /ʊ/ were reanalysed and are found with either /ɪ/ or /ə/. There
must have been some redistribution among /ɪ/ and /ə/ as well, which is what <span
class=SpellE>Lhuyd</span> describes. <span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span><o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=MsoPlainText><font size=3 color=navy face=Gentium><span lang=EN-GB
style='font-size:12.0pt;color:navy;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>Dan<o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=MsoPlainText><font size=3 color=navy face=Gentium><span lang=EN-GB
style='font-size:12.0pt;color:navy;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'><o:p> </o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=MsoPlainText><font size=3 face=Gentium><span lang=EN-GB
style='font-size:12.0pt;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'><o:p> </o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=MsoPlainText><font size=3 face=Gentium><span lang=EN-GB
style='font-size:12.0pt;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'><o:p> </o:p></span></font></p>

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