[Spellyans] "to send"

Daniel Prohaska daniel at ryan-prohaska.com
Mon Mar 23 11:23:13 GMT 2009


There is also:

Ow Amor den venough why / e thol war lerth arlythy / may hallowgh bos cvrvnys (BK 394; 3012-14);

y thova denvenys thym (CW 1021);


The verb danvon is a little unusual because it doesn’t have an additional verbal noun ending and a disyllabic 3rd sg. present-future form. It also has vowel affection in various other forms of the paradigm. Since in allegro speech one of the vowels would always be unstressed and thus most likely schwa, it is probably susceptible to reinterpretation when writing the language. So, the (regularised) verbal adjective danvenys was phonetically [dənˈvɛnɪs] which can easily be reinterpreted as phonological /denvenis/. Pardigmatic pressure may have encouraged the formation of analogical variants such as a 3rd sg thynvyn (which I think is rather /denven/, Tregear is very inconsistent with y ~ e; or maybe raising because of the nasal?)

Since these forms appear in the younger corpus of Middle Cornish, I might assume that these kinds of formations are analogical rather than original. 

Just my thoughts…




From: nicholas williams
Sent: Monday, March 23, 2009 10:20 AM


Tregear uses danvon as the verbal noun ‘to send’: neb a rella receva henna a

rellan ve danvon, y ma worth ow receva ve TH 41a.


He also, however, writes dynvyn for the 3rd singular of the pres.-fut. and as the verbal noun:


Rag eff a ra then howle drehevell ha shynya kyffrys war an da han drog, hag a thynvyn glaw war an Just ha war an vniust  TH 22

a henna neb a rug ow denvon TH 22a

kepar dell rug ow thas ow dynvyn ve, in della me as dynvyn why TH 35a

neb a rella receva henna a rellan ve danvon, y ma worth ow receva ve, ha neb. a rella ow receva ve, eff a vith ow receva neb a rug ow dynvon ve TH 41a

ma ow despicia henna a rug ow dynwyn ve TH 42

Na rug Du dynvyn y chyff apostill pedyr TH 46a.


Cf. also: henna re thenvonna thynny oll an dringys tas benegas TH 20.


The 3rd singular dynvyn with i-affection is perhaps not unexpected, but the verbal noun 

dynvyn is perplexing. Tregear is, as far as I can see, the only attested writer with dyn-/den- in the first syllable of any part of this verb.



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