[Spellyans] 'teacher'

ewan wilson butlerdunnit at ntlworld.com
Fri Jun 18 21:25:38 BST 2010

What is the derivation of the agent noun, ' clafyjor'( male nurse) ?

  ----- Original Message ----- 
  From: nicholas williams 
  To: Standard Cornish discussion list 
  Sent: Friday, June 18, 2010 7:31 PM
  Subject: Re: [Spellyans] 'teacher'

  All the other words in -ador have unassibilated -d-: 

  gweader 'weaver' Gwavas
  gynnadar 'sower' Lhuyd
  pehadur 'sinner' PA, TH
  puscador  TH 'fisherman'; pysgadar Lhuyd; poscaders Rowe
  selwadour BM 'saviour'; sylwador PC; sylwadur RD; sylwader RD
  salvador 'saviour' CW

  There are no other agent formations in Cornish that end in *-ajer, *-ajor. On phonetic grounds alone we can be sure, I believe, that Lhuyd invented the word deskadzher, which he uses to mean 'professor, doctor' rather than 'teacher'. It occurs twice in the phrase an Deskadzher Davies. The only word for 'teacher' in traditional Cornish seems to be Tregear's dyskar.

  The Brythonic word for 'four' has a masculine and a feminine form. The masculine peswar quite regularly assibilates the d in the cluster -dw-; cf. caswyth, aswy. The feminine form with -d- between vowels with a following r is regularly left unassibilated. 

  As for indirect questions: the only way to determine whether to use mar or a, is to collect all the examples from the texts. I haven't the time at the moment.


  On 18 Efn 2010, at 19:03, Chris Parkinson wrote:

    But how do you know that Lhuyd invented  'deskadzher'? He might have been told  what the word for 'teacher'  was! 


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