[Spellyans] borrowing ~ purism

Eddie Climo eddie_climo at yahoo.co.uk
Sat Jul 30 15:28:35 BST 2011

On 2011 Gor 29, at 17:22, nicholas williams wrote:
> I notice that under Course (direction) the glossary gives hyns. This word is unattested in Old, Middle and Late Cornish.
Nance 1938 says that 'hins' is found in the Old-Cornish Vocabulary; in his "Guide to Cornish Place-names", he gives the older form as ˘'hent'.

> It is found only as an element in camhinsic, eunhinsic, kammynsoth.
So, those words would have been compounded like this in Old Cornish, presumably:
	camhinsic < cam + hins + -ic. unjust, unrigheous, of evil ways. (UC. camhensek)
	eunhinsic < eun + hins + -ic. upright, just (UC. ewnhensek)
	kammynsoth < kamm + hins + -eth. immorality, unfairness, unrighteousness (UC. camhenseth.)
That looks like 3 more attestations to me. Furthermore, given the slimness of the Cornish lexicon, we can't afford to turn our noses up at a perfectly usable Cornish word, just because it's part of a compound. Moreover, 'hens' has been in use throughout the whole of the Revival—certainly since 1934, when it appears in Nance's dictionary of that year. 85 years of usage have made it a commonly used word. That gives the word any needed legitimacy in the only court that counts with languages: that of usage. To reject 'hens' smacks of purism and pedantry!

> Under Carpenter the glossary gives ser prenn and a hypothetical RLC ser predn. …It is not attested in Middle Cornish.
No matter, 'sairpren' is attested in Old Cornish. Revived Cornish cannot afford to pick and choose; Old, Middle or Late, if it's attested then that's good enough.

> Ser prenn is a respelling of sairpren in OCV.
Then it can hardly be 'hypothetical', surely.

> Under Chair the glossary gives cador, which is well attested in names of rocks. The ordinary word for 'chair' in the texts, however, is chair, chayr:
'Cader' [? spelling] is, I gather, attested in the OCV. That makes it Cornish. Its presence in toponyms makes it further attested. I see no problem with using 'cader' in RC.

> Under Creator the glossary gives gwrier, creador and furvyer. Gwrier is attested in Middle Cornish. Creador is in OCV.
So no problem with using either of those in RC.

> Furvyer is an invention. The word formyer is attested in Middle Cornish. Indeed it occurs it occurs in three different texts.
We find in Cornish the following set of words derived regularly from the stem:
	form > formya > formyer.
We also find  'furf' [?spelling] in the OCV at least. so it's perfectly reasonable to extrapolate on the same paradigm:
	furf > *furvya > *furvyer.

> Have the compilers really read the texts?
pot + kettle = black?

Eddie Climo

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