njawilliams at gmail.com
Sat Nov 9 15:02:32 GMT 2013
Nance in his dictionary gives helergh as headword and adds the attested form between brackets.
Sent from my iPhone
> On 9 Samh 2013, at 13:43, Craig Weatherhill <craig at agantavas.org> wrote:
> I've never seen this spelt: "helergh". Who does that, and why?
>> On 2013 Du 9, at 11:58, Nicholas Williams wrote:
>> I have been criticised for writing holergh rather than helergh 'late'. As far as I am aware the word is attested once only:
>> Pan o pur holergh an gyth
>> y tefenas vn marrek
>> del deth an nef war y fyth
>> ef a welas golow tek
>> han meyn vmhelys yn weth
>> ese a vgh Ihesus whek
>> ha warnozo a yseth
>> ell benegas lowenek
>> When the day was very late
>> a soldier awoke
>> as it came from heaven onto his face
>> he saw a beautiful light
>> and the stone overturned also
>> which had been above sweet Jesus
>> and upon it sitting
>> a blessed joyful angel (PA 244).
>> The criticism is invalid, but there is an interesting point here.
>> Holergh is from a Celtic form *so-lerg- 'well advanced'.
>> The vowel of so- when unstressed was reduced to schwa
>> and then might have been expected to appear as eu. And this should
>> later have unrounded to e. As it is the attested vowel is o.
>> This is similar to the vowel in solabrys and solathyth, where
>> the expected eu has retained its rounding before l.
>> I think we may have a rule here. Where in Cornish unstressed eu from
>> earlier o appears before l, it does not unround to e but
>> falls together with o from other sources: solabrys, solathyth, holergh.
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