[Spellyans] The Cornish for 'cousin'

Clive Baker clive.baker at gmail.com
Wed Jul 30 11:36:11 BST 2014

Thats great Nicholas... thanks... thats plain and simple enough for us non
linguists out here... and it would seem after several outloud mouthings of
yu versus yw, that I am saying and what I was taught was in fact yw, I also
believe that yw seems to be shorter in pronunciation than yu
Many thanks once again

On Wed, Jul 30, 2014 at 10:22 AM, Nicholas Williams <njawilliams at gmail.com>

> Crudely stated a rising diphthong starts with a semivowel and ends in a
> vowel. If you say eeOO with the emphasis on the second part, that is a
> rising diphthong and sounds rather like English *you*. It is described as
> rising because it goes from a less sonorous part to a more sonorous part.
> If you say EEoo with the emphasis on the first part, that sounds rather
> like South Welsh *yw*, or Cornish *yw* as it was probably pronounced.
> That is a falling diphthong.
> A rising diphthong is so called because it rises from the weak and less
> sonorous part (semivowel) to the stronger and more sonorous part. A falling
> diphthong is the other way round.
> In English the diphthong in *house* [aw] is falling, but in *few* [ju]
>  is rising.
> The diphthongs in Cornish in m*ay *'so that, where', gw*ey*th 'time,
> occasion', s*aw* 'but', p*ow* 'country', l*ie*s 'many' are all falling
> because the sonorous part precedes the less sonorous part. The first
> syllable of *ûsya* 'to use' on the other hand seems according to Lhuyd to
> have been a rising diphthong [juzi@].
> Perhaps Michael could explain this in a more technical fashion for us all.
> Nicholas
> On 30 Jul 2014, at 09:54, Clive Baker <clive.baker at gmail.com> wrote:
> Well thanks Nicholas,
>  this would all make sense to me if I knew what the difference was between
> a rising and a falling dipthong. I know what a dipthong is, so its just the
> rising and falling bit that fails to make sense... can you give me examples
> of words say in English that represent these, so I can follow your and
> other peoples arguments here.... by the way, we teach both yu and yw
> spelling as alternatives..(never understanding the differences)
> oll an gwella
> Clive
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